This hour it's all about the the "wonders" of Canada this hour If you're just joining us now, be sure to start at the beginning right here!
Boasting the most extreme tides in all the world, the Bay of Fundy lies between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, on the eastern border of Canada. (For reference for our American readers, we have 4 provinces north and more east of the state of Maine.)
The tides on the Bay of Fundy fluctuate as much as a 5 storey building every day. When the tide is out as you can see above, you can walk on the floor of the Atlantic ocean.
The cliffs, caves, and geological formations attract visitors from all over the world. Fossils of dinosaurs, nautical creatures, minerals, and gems have all been found in the area. The Bay of Fundy is also know to be home to some of the rarest species of whales! Known as one of the 7 Wonders of North American we're sure you can see the beauty that is the Bay of Fundy!
Bay of Fundy Facts: (thank you Buzzle!)
- The amount of water that flows in and out of the Bay of Fundy during one tide cycle, is more than the combined flow of the world's freshwater rivers!
- The Bay of Fundy is home to the world's highest tides, which can reach a height of 3.5 meters, i.e. 11 feet. The tides in the Minas Basin can rise up to 13 meters (43 feet), on an average.
- During springtime, tides as high as 16 meters or 53 feet can be seen in the Bay of Fundy, which creates a unique and breathtaking view. The highest tides in the world occur in the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia.
- Visitors can expect to see two high and low tides in every 24 hours; the time between a high and a low tide being six hours and 13 minutes, on an average.
- The Bay of Fundy has earned worldwide recognition for its diverse ecosystem and the exceptional pyramid of marine food chain. Many people compare it with the Great Barrier Reef of Australia and the Rain Forest of Brazil.
- The nutrient-rich water is home to enormous amounts of krill, squid, and fish like, herring, mackerel, and pollock, which attract several species of whales, including the endangered Northern Right Whale.
Niagara Falls is another Canadian wonder! Three waterfalls come together, the Horseshoe Falls (most powerful waterfall in North America!), the American Falls and the Bridal Veil on the border between Canada and the US and combined create the highest flow rate of any waterfall in the world with a vertical drop of more than 165 feet (50 m). It's a stunning view as you watch the water crest over and wonder if it will ever stop! Two years ago when Ali Edwards and our friends from Doodlebug were visiting Canada for our Crop & Create event we took them to see Niagara Falls in January and for the first time in my lifetime it was almost completely frozen. Yes, it was that cold! Lit up at night, it's quite a spectacle to see.
Niagara Falls fun facts:
- About 28,000,000 (that’s 28 million!) liters of water travel down Niagara Falls every second.
- The first person to ever go over the Falls was a courageous 63-year-old teacher. She traveled down the Falls in a barrel.
- About 20% of the drinking water in the United States goes through and over Niagara Falls. Yup, you have most likely drank water that came from the Falls.
- Niagara Falls is the result of glaciers.
- Parts of the movie Pirates of the Caribbean was filmed at Niagara Falls. Superman and Niagara starring Marilyn Monroe were also filmed here.
If you see any picture of Toronto, it usually includes the CN Tower. Built as a communications tower in 1976 by the Canadian National Railway in 1995 it was deemed one of the 7 modern wonders of the world and is visited over 2 million times each year. It stood as the tallest freestanding structure in the world until 2010. 34 years! It has been one of the "must sees" in Toronto and for those without fear you can stand on The Glass Floor, at an elevation of 342 m (1,122 ft) Here are some fun facts about the CN Tower:
- Construction on the CN Tower began on February 6, 1973 and wrapped up about 40 months later in June 1976. In 2016, The CN Tower celebrated its
- 40th birthday with special events throughout the year.
- 1,537 workers toiled five days a week, 24 hours a day to build the CN Tower.
- The CN Tower was built at an original cost of $63 million.
- The CN Tower was built to withstand an earthquake of 8.5 on the Richter scale.The upper reaches of the CN Tower were built to withstand winds up to 418 km/h (260 mph).
- Lightning strikes the CN Tower an average of 75 times per year. Long copper strips run down the CN Tower to grounding rods buried below ground to prevent damage.
- The CN Tower dims unnecessary exterior lights during bird migration seasons to prevent bird injuries.
- The CN Tower is an incredible 2.79 cm (1.1 inches) within plumb, or, true vertical.
- Six glass-faced elevators travel at 22 km/hour (15 miles/hour) to reach the observation deck in 58 seconds.
- The CN Tower has a hollow 1200' hexagonal core providing stability and flexibility to the full height tower.
Canada is WONDER-ful as you can see! We could go on and on.
Ready for another opportunity to win a loonie and a toonie? Leave a comment below by July 7th and we will randomly select one lucky winner this hour to win them! After leaving your comment here we hope you'll take a moment to visit us on Facebook and Instagram (@sctmagazine) and leave a comment there as well for THREE chances to win! We'll be compiling all the comments each hour.
Next up Inukshuks and totem poles!
Fun Fact: Canada has the largest coastline in the world and also the longest street, Yonge Street in Toronto, Ontario which continues for 1,896 km (1,178 mi!)